Astrology History. The history of astrology goes back thousands of years. In ancient years, people had the opportunity to see the sky more clearly because light could not be used as it is today. The night was so dark, the stars were so bright and close that although they did not have today’s technology, they could access a lot of celestial information by observation. Over time, many different cultures and communities brought the astrological data they acquired through various researches and developments to the present day.
Roman, Chinese, Greek, and Mayan civilizations first planted the seeds of astrology in their societies by studying the stars in the sky and created a history. When we look at the past, we obtain data that astrology first emerged in Mesopotamia despite many uncertainties. The Mesopotamians believed that stars and planets in the sky were true gods, naming them gods.
B.C. Between 2122 and 2102, prophecies about the stars were found in the Sumerian inscriptions. The oldest known astrological document is Enuma Anu Enlil BC. Written between 1800-1500, it consists of 7,000 celestial signs and 70 clay tablets. Looking at these tablets, it appears that the astrologers of that time discovered that the celestial changes were matched with the earth.
B.C. Other documents dating back to 1600 years are; They are Venus Tablets from the reign of the Babylonian King Amisaduka.
B.C. When it comes to 1000 years; Mul Apin by the Tribes living in Mesopotamia; The first-star catalog was created, and in this catalog, 3 broad belts parallel to the equator and 17 constellations on the ecliptic were mentioned.
B.C. The Solar Eclipse was calculated by Babylon for the first time in 747, and the first Astronomical Diary was written in BC. It was drafted in 652. The Babylonians were in a position to calculate the rotational times of the planets and their future position. The purpose of using astrology at that time; was to use knowledge from the heavens to determine the course of the kingdom.
It is known that the first astrologers were Babur Priests who lived in Babylon and Assyrian times. These priests indeed discovered the Solar and Lunar Eclipses, the cycles of the Sun, Moon and planets by correct mathematical calculations, and even dividing the year into twelve by calculating that the Moon rotates twelve times in a year.
As time passed, astrologers began to learn more about the planets in the sky as a result of their investigations. This information was passed on from the Babylonians (587-539 BC) to the Jews, from them to the Persians who conquered Babylon (539 BC), from the Persians (525-404 BC) to the Egyptians, and (509 BC) to the Indians.
B.C. The Sumerians, who captured Babylon in 729, first calculated the number of constellations as 18, but in BC. They combined some of them to determine the number of constellations in the Zodiac to 12 in 600 BC. The Assyrians regarded the planets as the homes of the gods and named them accordingly. Other civilizations, like the Greeks and Romans, gave the planets the names of their gods, just like the Assyrians.
The first birth horoscope application is; B.C. In 409, Babylonian astrologers interpreted the map of the Babylonian King Shuma-Usur. At that time, it was not discovered yet that the chart should be analyzed according to the ascendant sign, this basic information began to be used in later periods.
The first-star catalog is; B.C. It was created by Hyparkus in 190 and announced the “Shift of the Equinoxes”.
Egyptians and Pharaohs were heavily interested in astronomy. Pyramids, temples, etc. built it in the direction of fixed stars. The Persians’ conquest of Egypt and the subsequent capture of Alexander the Great ensured the spread of documents on astrology in Egypt. Thus, the Egyptians further increased and developed their knowledge of astrology. Famous Greek Astrologer Vettius Valens made use of the Egyptians’ astrology knowledge in his works.
Romans and Greeks also tended to study the harmony and order in nature by observing the universe in ancient times and to draw conclusions from them. As a result of the information obtained through observation, they opened the doors to the development of horoscope astrology. In 460-377 BC, Hippocrates explained the 4 elements in the universe and their corresponding characters.
B.C. Around 250 BC, Kildanese astrologers and Babylonian priest Berossus founded the first astrology school on the Greek island of Kos. B.C. Around 200 BC Priest Petosiris and Pharaoh Nechepso compiled the astrological manuscripts. The Horoscope at that time was very different from our time. It has taken its present form by coming from different cultures until today.
The union of mythology and astrology BC. It began in the 5th and 4th centuries, and in both Greek and Roman mythology, the features of the planets and gods were equal. Greek philosophers and scientists have done many studies that shed light on today’s astrology. The most important Greek philosophers known are Eudoxus, Anaximander, Thales, Pythagoras, Heraclitus, Empedocles, Hippocrates. While Babylonians evaluated numerical relations between Earth and planets according to their positive and negative structures, the Greeks gave more importance to geometric calculations and movements between celestial bodies. In addition, the Greeks ranked the planets according to their distance from Earth.